Yamunotri Temple is situated in the western region of Garhwal Himalayas at an altitude of 3,291 metres (10,797 ft) in Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand.The temple is dedicated to Goddess Yamuna and has a black marble idol of the goddess. The Yamunotri temple is a full day’s journey from Uttarakhand’s main towns — Rishikesh, Haridwar or Dehradun. The actual temple is only accessible by a 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) trek from the town of Hanuman Chatti and a 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) walk from Janki Chatti; horses or palanquins are available for rent.
The hike from Hanuman Chatti to Yamunotri Temple is very picturesque with beautiful views of a number of waterfalls. There are two trekking routes from Hanuman Chatti to Yamunotri, the one along the right bank proceeds via the Markandeya Tirth, where the sage Markandeya wrote the Markandeya Purana, the other route which lies on the left bank of the river goes via Kharsali, from where Yamunotri is a five or six hours climb away
Yamunotri is the starting point of the holy River Yamuna. It is the westernmost shrine in the Garhwal range of the Himalayas, balanced on the borders of Bandar-Poonch Parvat. The main attraction at Yamunotri is the temple dedicated to Goddess Yamuna and the holy thermal Sulphur springs, almost 7 km away at Jankichatti.
The actual source of the river is a frozen lake (Sapt Rishi Kund) and glacier called the Champasar Glacier, situated on the Kalind Mountain, approximately a kilometer from the Sulphur springs. Since the route to the glacier is arduous and almost unapproachable for common pilgrims, they offer ‘Puja’ in the temple itself.Location
Gangotri Temple is the place of the origin of the holy River Ganges, drawing thousands of pilgrims every year. Gangotri is the earthly throne of Goddess Ganga and is one of the four sites of the sacred Char Dham circuit. It is situated at an altitude of 3,753 m (about 12,313 ft). The ‘new-born’ river is called Bhagirathi at the source and acquires the name Ganga from Devprayag onwards, where it meets the Alaknanda River.
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Badrinath Temple is considered the holiest of the Char Dham Hindu pilgrimage in Uttarakhand. It is delicately placed between the mountains of Nar and Narayan with River Alaknanda flowing peacefully beside it. It is known as Badrinath since the entire region is covered with Badri trees (Indian Jujube).
The temple and the town are situated at an altitude of 3,133 meters above sea level. The present temple was constructed approximately two centuries ago by Garhwal Kings. The temple has three parts- Garbha Griha (the sanctum sanctorum), Darshan Mandap (for pujas) and Shobha Mandap (for devotees to assemble).
Badrinath temple Location
Badrinath is located about 301 kms north of Rishikesh in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.
Legends Badrinath is talked about in the Hindu scriptures as Badari or Badarikasram. This place is consecrated to Vishnu and particularly to Vishnu’s dual form of Nara-Narayana. Another legend has it that when Goddess Ganga, the celestial river, waspealed by Bhagiratha to come down to Earth and help suffering humanity, the Earth was not capable to endure the power of her plunge. Consequently Ganga was divided into twelve sacred waterways, Alaknanda (in Badrinath) being one of them.
It later became the abode of Lord Vishnu or Badrinath when he performed penance here and Ma Lakshmi took the form of Badri or Indian Jujube to provide sustenance to him. The mountains around Badrinath are mentioned in the Mahabharata as Swargarohini, the mount from where the Pandavas ascended into heaven. Just four kms from Badrinath is the Mana cave in which Ved Vyas, it is said, wrote the Mahabharata.
Kedarnath Temple is one of the most revered and most visited pilgrimage places in India. This centre of pilgrimage was established by Adi Guru Shankaracharya in 9th century. Situated at an altitude of 3,580 m (11,750 ft) within the picturesqueKedarnathWildlife Sanctuary, this renownedHindu pilgrimagedestination in the high Himalaya Mountains is devoted to Lord Shiva. The present structure ofKedarnath templeis believed to be more than 1,000 years old. Kedarnath is one the twelve ‘Jyotirlingas’ of Lord Shiva.Location
The Kedarnath Temple is located in Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand. It is very close to the Indo-China border and River Mandakini originates from the Kedarnath Mountains. It can be reached from Rishikesh (234 km) and Dehradun (250 km).Best Time To Visit The temple opens in the first week of May and closes either in the last week of October or early November. Monsoon months should be avoided. The months of May-June are the busiest time of the year. During the closure period of the temple, worship of Sri Kedarnath is continued at Okhimath in winter by the priest from the Kedarnath Temple.
Legends There are many stories associated with the manifestation and worship of Kedarnath. According to one legend, Nar and Narayan, two incarnations of Lord Vishnu did severe penance at Badrikashram in front of a Shiva lingam to please lord Shiva. So when lord Shiva gave them ‘Darshan’ they requested him to make Kedarnath his permanent abode. Fulfilling their wish he manifested himself in the form of a Jyotirlinga there.The second legend is of the Panch Kedar. When Arjuna and the Pandavas used the ‘Pashupatra’ weapon to kill their kins turned mortal enemies, they felt guilty and sought advice from Lord Krishna.
He suggested them to search lord Shiva in the Garhwal region. Lord Shiva however turned into a Bull to avoid detection. Nevertheless, after a long search the Pandavas found him but Shiva sank into the earth but not before Bhim could grab his (bull’s) hump. Shiva relented and granted them the boon of salvation from their sins. This hump is now hypothetically the Shiva lingam worshipped in the temple.
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